Thursday, May 21, 2020

Classical And Classical Project Management - 1473 Words

Project management changes continually with the increasing uncertainty and complexity in contemporary projects, which makes classical project management become fall out with the times. According to Atkinson (cites in Cicmil Hodgson, 2006) traditional project management uses time, cost and scope of plan as a major standard in a project, which is called iron triangle principal. Both Cullen Parker, (2015) and Ã…  pundak (2014) mention that although the classical still can be applied to all projects, there are numerous disadvantages to use it in contemporary projects because the level of conventional project management is divided hierarchically which may hardly reflect the complicatedness and dynamics of project nowadays; and the elements of iron triangle are interactive. When there is some problem in any element, the other will also be affected. Although both Cullen Parker, (2015) and Crawford, Langston Bajracharya (2013) point out that the external environment full of change as wel l as uncertain nowadays compare to classical project management which is base on a predictable condition. Using classical view of project management is time-consuming and inflexible which can hardly deal with the problem in today’s projects. Nonetheless, Cicmil Hodgson (2006) argue that it not means classical view is useless because the iron triangle principal is ingrained compare with lacking empirical evidence in contemporary project management. Thus, this principal could be improvedShow MoreRelatedThe Classical View Of Project Management1411 Words   |  6 Pagesthe global economy. The increasingly important role of project management in projects should not be neglected. According to the website of the Project Management Institute (2016), in order to meet a projects’ demands, the utilization of knowledge, skills, tools and techniques in project activities are what combine to form a perception of project management. It is obvious that the contribution of the classi cal view of project management in project activities cannot be ignored, however, it is criticalRead MoreThe Classical View Of Project Management1939 Words   |  8 Pagescritically analyse why the classical view of project management is increasingly criticised for being insufficient for praxis and outline potential improvements, also based on theory evidence. Abstract This paper will introduce five top classical views of project management and discuss the effects of two of them in current situation within the critical analysis. The purpose of this paper is providing possible solutions of the current situation of classical views of project management through the criticalRead MoreThe Classical Perspective And Humanistic Perspective Essay1538 Words   |  7 Pagesdifferent management perspectives and critical strategies to organises their people and improve productivity. Obviously, it is important to be a remarkable manager in a legendary company. So it is interested to find out how making the right management. Therefore, managers have to understand what the management perspectives are, and also need to know the way to operate them. In this essay, the definitions of two management perspectives will be introduced in few paragraphs which are classical perspectiveRead MoreResponse Of It Project Management : Infamous Failures, Classic Mistakes, And Best Practices778 Words   |  4 PagesIn â€Å"Response of IT Project Management: Infamous Failures, Classic Mistakes, and Best Practices†, R.Ryan Nelson (2007) argued that the best way to avoid classical mistakes and finally stay away from infamous failure is to use best practices proactively and knowledgeably. He also suggested that project managers focus on people and process, institute their own best practices, and improve best practices by identifying the problems most occurs in specific project and using the matrix. Firstly, R.RyanRead MoreClassical Viewpoint of Management1088 Words   |  5 PagesClassical management theory Classical management theory was introduced in the late 19th century. It became widespread in the first half of the 20th century, as organizations tried to address issues of industrial management, including specialization, efficiency, higher quality, cost reduction and management-worker relationships. While other management theories have evolved since then, classical management approaches are still used today by many small-business owners to build their companies and toRead MoreClassical Theory And Classical Management Theory1454 Words   |  6 PagesClassical Management Theory originated in the late 19th century however it became widely popular in the first half of the 20th century. During this period, business and organizations were trying to solve issues such as reducing costs, worker relations, and increase productivity and efficiency. Additionally, many businesses and organization found themselves trying to deal with employees who did not speak English. You can say this theory came about as a means to try and find the â€Å"best† solution orRead MoreClassical Management Function1493 Words   |  6 Pagesâ€Å"In everyday language usage, management refers to the people in organizations who manage, and to the activities they perform.† (Fulop, Frith, Hayward 1992 p. 187) To be more specific, management is the process of organizing work activities with and through people to ensure the activities are completed efficiently and effectively (Robbins, Bergman, Stagg, Coulter 2006, p. 9). Through management, the goals of the organization or business are to be achieved. Henri Fayol, one of the most influentialRead MoreClassical Management Theory And The Classical Theory1503 Words   |  7 PagesThe Classical Management Theory entered the business world in the early nineteenth century, with an emphasis on increasing worker productivity. Developed by Frederick Taylor, the classical theory of management advocated a scientific study of tasks and the wor kers responsible for them. It was the foundation of many modern management theories and it aimed to improve operations within an organization. The Classical Management Theory was broken into three schools of thinking: Scientific management, whichRead MoreCase Study : Strategic Human Resource Planning908 Words   |  4 Pagesto innovate and develop their innovations. The management does a little oversight to make sure everything is flowing smoothly. The company’s success has been a result of effective strategic planning, which has seen it beat its main competitors Yahoo and Microsoft. Organizing Organizing comes after planning. It is concerned with integrating all the sections of the organization to focus on one goal (Deresky, 2011). The organizing function of management brings together financial, human, and physicalRead MoreManagement Theory : Classical And Contemporary Essay1655 Words   |  7 PagesManagement theory has been a topical issue in several organizational fields for centuries. Both classic and modern styles organizations have reinforced management principles to fulfil goals efficiently and effectively. From the industrial to post-industrial evolution of organizations, the emergence of several management theories and their components have been infused in business polices, protocols and regulations that transfer onto the organisation’s operations (Aldrich, 2008). Today’s literature

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The North American Free Trade Agreement - 1237 Words

The North American Free Trade Agreement, which was ratified under President Bill Clinton and went into effect in 1994 in order to eliminate tariffs over and to turn the United States, Mexico and Canada into the world’s second largest trading bloc after the European Union. Many people from Mexico believed that the trade agreement would undercut Mexican farmers with cheap U.S. food imports and worsen the inequality between the two countries. A struggling Mexican economy received an initial boost from foreign investment related to NAFTA. But the economic crisis was caused in part by the political instability that Mexico has been known for, a drop in foreign investors, and a government spending spree toward the end of Salinas’ presidency, among other factors that took over the country led to the peso collapsing in late 1994. Despite privatization and NAFTA, wealth still remained mostly concentrated within the elite classes, and the wage gap between Mexico and the United Sta tes remained wide. Although NAFTA has stimulated a rise in real income for Mexicans, the country as a whole continues to lack the infrastructure in agribusiness and other industries, and the investment in education and innovation to become more competitive with its northern neighbor. The Illegal Immigration Act of 1996 this act states that immigrants unlawfully present in the United States for 180 days but less than 365 days must remain outside the United States for three years unless they obtain a pardon.Show MoreRelatedNorth American Free Trade Agreement Essay1398 Words   |  6 Pages North American Free Trade Agreement During the most recent race for the White House we heard very little of substance from both parties, but one thing both parties seem to agree on is that free trade has been bad for the U.S. worker. One candidate proclaimed that the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) has cost the United States hundreds of thousands of jobs and another distanced herself from free trade agreements all together. It has been over twenty years since the implementation ofRead MoreThe North American Free Trade Agreement1711 Words   |  7 PagesThis paper will discuss four components of the North American Free Trade Agreement: Background, events, pros and cons. Upon the research, you will discover four online articles to provide more detail and examples. This research will indicate how it was developed and the reasoning on why it would benefit the nation. Also, it will provide events that occur after the agreement was signed by congress and the recession the countries experience during the e arly 2000s. There will be a chart locatedRead MoreThe North American Free Trade Agreement Essay1420 Words   |  6 Pagessubstance from both parties, but one thing both parties seem to agree on is that free trade has been bad for the U.S. worker. One candidate proclaimed that the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) has cost the United States hundreds of thousands of jobs and another distanced herself from free trade agreements all together. It has been over twenty years since the implementation of the North American Free Trade Agreement and many have criticized it as a bad deal for the U.S. It can be shown thatRead MoreThe North American Free Trade Agreement1036 Words   |  5 PagesThe North American Free Trade Agreement also referred to as NAFTA produced results on January 1, 1994. A trade agreement was made between each of the three of nations of North America. The United States, Canada, and Mexico. The Canadian Prime Minister, Brian Mulroney, the Mexican Presiden t, Carlos Salinas de Gortari, and previous U.S. President George H. Shrub initiated the agreement. Connections between the nations were at that point on great terms, particularly between The United States and CanadaRead MoreThe North American Free Trade Agreement Essay1863 Words   |  8 PagesThe North American Free Trade Agreement, or NAFTA, is an accordance between the United States, Mexico, and Canada that was put into effect in January 1994. This agreement was unprecedented because it integrated three countries that were at extremely different levels of economic development. It changed the economic relationship between North American countries and encouraged trade and investment among the three countries to grow considerably. The purpose of the creation of the North American FreeRead MoreThe North American Free Trade Agreement Essay1356 Words   |  6 PagesThe North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) is an agreement negotiated by three countries; Canada, Mexico, and the United States. The main purpose of NAFTA is essentially to reduce trade barriers in order to promote international commerce, and open up different industries to trade, in particular textiles, agriculture, and automobile sectors. The introduction of NAFTA completely transformed North American economic relations and led to unparalleled cooperation between the U.S. Canada and MexicoRead MoreThe North American Free Trade Agreement1486 Words   |  6 PagesThe North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), an agreement signed by three countries in creating rules in trade in North America. NAFTA, when being presented, was described as genuine for helping Mexico and Canada. But was NAFTA really helpings those counties or really just helping N orth America? Initially North America was being genuine about NAFTA when talking to Mexico and Canada but in reality the NAFTA caused some uneven development as the years went by. I have two stories thatRead MoreThe North American Free Trade Agreement1804 Words   |  8 Pagesunderstanding the elements of trade blocs that enable open markets between member nations while also decreasing the cost of conducting business within a country is essential in making strategic logistical decisions. The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) has provided one such trade bloc that encompasses the countries of the United States, Mexico, and Canada. Since the inception of NAFTA in 1994, significant financial results have been achieved regarding increases in trade revenue and increases inRead MoreThe North American Free Trade Agreement1018 Words   |  5 PagesThe North American Free Trade Agreement, known as NAFTA, is a trilateral trade agreement between Canada, the United States, and Mexico. Signed January 1, 1994, NAFTA’s main purpose was to reduce trading costs, increase business investments, and help the United States be more competitive in the g lobal marketplace. The agreement would eliminate all tariffs on half of all U.S. goods shipping to Mexico and introduce new regulations to encourage cross-border investments. According to President Bush, tradeRead MoreThe North American Free Trade Agreement920 Words   |  4 PagesThe North American Free Trade Agreement (NATFA) shoved the American worker down a flight of stairs in the name of Globalization NAFTA or a bill similar had been floating around Washington since 1979 a year before Reagan took office. NAFTA truly went no where for over a decade. The â€Å"North American Accord† was first proposed by the Reagan and the GOP were always in favor of passage but, it was the Progressive wing, along with many other pro-union members in the Democratic party who held NAFTA at

Physics Lab Report Free Essays

Purpose Determine the acceleration in a quick sprint. Question What would the participant’s acceleration be if he/she sprints forward in a positive direction? Hypothesis/Prediction When a person sprints forward, it means he/she speeds up. Consequently, the acceleration should be positive. We will write a custom essay sample on Physics Lab Report or any similar topic only for you Order Now When the velocity accelerates at a constant rate, the acceleration should remain constant. Therefore, if the participant is moving toward a positive direction and the speed increases, then the acceleration should be positive and constant. Materials * Ticker Tape Machine * Ticker Tape * Tape * Ruler * Pencil * Graph paper Carbon paper Procedure * A piece of Ticker Tape and a Ticker Tape machine were taken. * Ticker Tape machine was plugged in. * One side of the Ticker Tape was attached to the back of a participant. * The other side of the Ticker Tape was inserted through the Ticker Tape machine. * A piece of carbon paper was placed on top of the Ticker Tape and was pinned on the machine. * The machine was started. * The participant sprinted forward. * The machine was stopped. * The used Ticker Tape was collected. * The machine was unplugged. * Using a ruler, a pencil and the Ticker Tape, all the data were recorded on a Data Table. Using the Data Table the position versus time graph a nd the velocity (instantaneous) versus time graph were plotted. Analysis There were in total of 37 dots recorded on the piece of the Ticker Tape. Every sixth dots represented the 1/60th of one second. Because of the lack of the information, as shown on the Data Table, every third dots were used to expand the amount of data for the more accurate results. Thus, every third dots were used to represent the half of 0. 1 second. Therefore, on both of the position versus time and velocity (instantaneous) versus time graphs, the x-axis value (the time value) went up by 0. 5 seconds. On the position versus time graph, a curved line was drawn due to the increase of the runner’s speed for each 0. 05 seconds. The runner started at 0 second from 0 centimeters and then stopped when the runner’s position was at 0. 65 seconds and 80. 1 centimeters. Also, the curved line on the graph continuously rose upward which meant that the runner never moved backward or slowed down. As evidenced by the velocity (instantaneous) versus time graph, the velocity was the lowest when it was 0 cm/s at 0 second and the highest when it reached positive196 cm/s at 0. 5 seconds. The difference of the velocities was the greatest between 0. 05 seconds and 0. 1 second. Also, the difference was the smallest between 0. 45 seconds and 0. 5 seconds. The two lines of best fit were used for more accuracy due to the scattered dots – which showed the calculated velocities of the specific time intervals – that were plotted on the graph. The first line was illustrated to show the readers the time interval of 0 second to 0. 275 seconds. The second line was used to show the time interval of 0. 275 seconds to 0. 65 seconds. Compared to the second line, the first line was drawn steeper due to the larger differences of the velocities of the specific time intervals. For the answer of this report’s question as listed above, when the runner sprinted forward toward a positive direction, the acceleration was able to be calculated from the velocity (instantaneous) versus time graph. In fact, there were two different accelerations during the whole time of 0. 65 seconds. Acceleration could be calculated by measuring the slopes of the velocity (instantaneous) versus time graph which were represented by the two lines of best fit. As shown on the graph, the first line was marked as and the second line was marked as . As seen on the Determination of the Acceleration page of this report, the following mathematical solutions were processed for the solution of the question. * Line * V2 = 134. 2 cm/s * V1 = 0 cm/s * t 2 = 0. 275 s * t 1 = 0 s * Acceleration = (134. 2 cm/s – 0 cm/s) / (0. 275 s – 0 s) = 488 cm / s2 * Line * V2 = 196 cm/s * V1 = 134. 2 cm/s * t 2 = 0. 65 s * t1 = 0. 275 s * Acceleration = (196 cm/s – 134. 2 cm/s) / (0. 65 s – 0. 275 s) = 165 cm / s2 With these two accelerations, it can be analyzed that the runner ran faster during the last 0. 375 seconds than he did during the first 0. 275 seconds. Evaluation This experiment examined the acceleration of a runner when sprinted toward a positive direction. Supported by the evidences and the results of this experiment, one of the two hypotheses stated above was proven false. The runner sped up in a positive direction in a straight line. Hypothetically, the velocity should have been accelerated at a constant rate so that the result could be a constant acceleration. However, according to the data collected, the runner’s first acceleration was 488 cm / s 2 from 0 second to 0. 275 seconds and the second one was 165 cm / s 2 from 0. 275 seconds to 0. 65 seconds. Since there were two different accelerations for 0. 65 seconds, there could not be a constant acceleration. Thus, the prediction of the acceleration being constant was falsified. On the other hand, the other part of the hypothesis was proven true. Theoretically, the acceleration of the runner should be positive because the runner sprinted in a positive direction. As evidenced by the two lines of best fit on the velocity (instantaneous) versus time graph, the slopes were positive due to their upward direction. Hence, since the slopes of the velocity versus time graph represented the person’s acceleration, the runner’s resulting accelerations were positives. To conclude, when the original hypotheses were compared to the calculated results, the first part – â€Å"there should be constant acceleration† – was rejected, on the contrary, the second part – â€Å"there should be a positive acceleration† – was accepted. There were several difficulties when this experiment was performed. For example, the Ticker Tape was so fragile that when the runner started to dart, the tape sometimes got ripped. Thus, it was a challenge to gather enough information to observe and analyze the results. Also, because of the rapid motion of the pin on the Ticker Tape machine, the carbon paper that was placed on top of the Ticker Tape continuously fell off from the machine. In addition, the loud noise produced from the machine created disturbing environment. To improve this lab, advanced technologies such as motion sensors could be used to keep the quiet atmosphere. Lastly, hand-drawn graphs and hand-measured values aren’t always correct. Consequently, they can lead the observers to the wrong conclusions. Therefore, using advanced graphing programs such as Graph 4. 4 could be used for more valid results. To summarize, to avoid miscalculations, advanced technologies and softwares must be used for more precise and accurate products. How to cite Physics Lab Report, Papers

Sunday, April 26, 2020

The Beatles Musical Analysis Essay Example For Students

The Beatles Musical Analysis Essay The Beetles Analysis The Beetles have been a huge influence on the development of rock with their eccentric and creative style. Their ground breaking album (SST Peppers Lonely Hearts Club Band) has been one of the most influential album in setting new and eccentric building blocks for the genre of pop rock. Their style will be analyses in detail to show Just how influential, eccentric and creative the Beetles were with the songs: Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds and A Day in the Life both from their ground breaking album. Lucy in the sky with Diamonds This song opens with an eccentric noise; it can be best described as an electronic harpsichord. Its echoed and is playing an angular distinct melody. Then a bass guitar is introduced and then vocals are introduced making the texture thicker one instrument at a time. This album was full of ground breaking songs and a new style which was unbelievably simple but sounded so complicated and eccentric. The first verse has a thin texture, as it progresses further into the verse, the instruments become more vibrant and the vocals become echoes and sounds distant. This creates topic atmosphere setting up the song for the narcotic high feeling this song creates. The melody of the vocals is monotone but it has a slight echo. This could be to do with the fact that the song is proclaimed to be about LSI as the song infamously spells LSI. It could be inferring that he is spaced out or Just out of it, tripping on LSI and everything is surreal and fairy tale like as explained in the lyrics and at the end of each phrase the vocals slide downwards, this could be to do with the LSI factor again as he might be getting another hit etc. Till sustaining the topic atmosphere. In the transition to the chorus the drums count in but he counts in at 3/4 timing and the chorus is in 4/4. This is very unusual, especially in a pop song. This contributes to how the Beetles style was so sophisticated but still each individual instrument is playing quite a simple rhythm, melody, riff etc thus together making the music sound sophisticated. This change in time signature is quite unexpected and is why it makes it eccentric. We will write a custom essay on The Beatles Musical Analysis specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now As the song transitions into the verse, the vocals do a long and big slide down as it might be inferring that drugs are taking effect again, sending the listener into a surreal utopia and at the same time the time signature changes once again which is also much unexpected. This change in time signature is one of the reasons why the Beetles style is deceptively simple. The second verse is virtually identical to the previous verse but Just with different lyrics. Coming into the second chorus the drums count in at 3/4 timing once again and the time signature changes as the chorus begins. In this chorus the bass guitar is much more evident and there are phrases where certain instruments are taken out for a plait second to highlight the bass guitar. It then transitions the same way as it did previously and comes into the third verse. This verse is again identical but as the verse is transitioning to the pre chorus the drums count in again excluding the pre chorus. This is totally unexpected and this is one of the reasons why the Beetles style is so eccentric and influential. Finally in the final chorus every seems more energetic but theres a difference because the electric organ sounding instrument starts The Beetles Musical Analysis By authenticate ACH different instrument was highlighted individually in each chorus. A Day in the Life The song opens with applause behind an acoustic guitar playing a riff. The Beetles were looking to sound live in this album and this element helped to achieve this. .u02314fbd98a95f8672a867bb39dac551 , .u02314fbd98a95f8672a867bb39dac551 .postImageUrl , .u02314fbd98a95f8672a867bb39dac551 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u02314fbd98a95f8672a867bb39dac551 , .u02314fbd98a95f8672a867bb39dac551:hover , .u02314fbd98a95f8672a867bb39dac551:visited , .u02314fbd98a95f8672a867bb39dac551:active { border:0!important; } .u02314fbd98a95f8672a867bb39dac551 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u02314fbd98a95f8672a867bb39dac551 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u02314fbd98a95f8672a867bb39dac551:active , .u02314fbd98a95f8672a867bb39dac551:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u02314fbd98a95f8672a867bb39dac551 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u02314fbd98a95f8672a867bb39dac551 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u02314fbd98a95f8672a867bb39dac551 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u02314fbd98a95f8672a867bb39dac551 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u02314fbd98a95f8672a867bb39dac551:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u02314fbd98a95f8672a867bb39dac551 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u02314fbd98a95f8672a867bb39dac551 .u02314fbd98a95f8672a867bb39dac551-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u02314fbd98a95f8672a867bb39dac551:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Analysis of Shelley's Ode To the West Wind Ode to EssayAs the piano enters it changes the meter, this is one of the features in the Beetles style that makes it sophisticated. You could say that these two songs were composed to lose yourself which is another feature of the Beetles style as they had many contrasting songs. The first verse which is John Lemons part of the song; is quite Lancelot or somber. Again the vocals are echoed but arent monotone. Actually the melodies of the vocals evoke sadness but still theres a light at the end of the tunnel. The verse is quite empty but when the drum fill is added it Just makes everything so much more full. Rings Stars drumming style is so very simple but is so effective. For the remainder of the first verse a few [patterns are repeated until an orchestral build up is evident. These 20 seconds of build-up is rising action which is Just so chaotic and seems to become more chaotic every second that passes. This could have to do tit the fact with how chaotic the times were with society and what not. As the music transitions to the second verse or commonly known as Palls part of the song the piano becomes more hopeful and everything brightens up. The transition is so sudden and is another factor to do with The Beetles sophisticated and eccentric style. The second verse almost is a bubbly shuffle style of music. It contrasts with the previous section of the song. The vocals are a happy Jazzy sound to them, the other instruments are all working together to change this feeling of sadness to happiness. In the song there is a huge reference between lyrics and melody. As the vocalist says somebody spoke and I fell into a dream, there is a response to these lyrics of a fading out vocal slide down which is similar to the previous song. These vocal slides continue and a brass building start building, but this building up doesnt seem chaotic but it still builds higher and thicker as time goes on. The final verse is virtually identical to the first one again, and then another build up is heard. This one seems more chaotic than the other. At the end of the build-up theres a pause and hen it finishes on E major. This chord releases all the tension that was left in the atmosphere when the build-up finished. Through this analysis we can see that the Beetles style is deceptively simple. Their style includes monotone vocal melodies, changes of key and time signature, contrasting sections to their other songs, orchestral build-ups and sections, topic effects and the layers of simple ideas to create complex arrangements. These features are unusual for pop music which is why the Beetles are so innovative. By Ethan Watkins

Wednesday, March 18, 2020

The Texas Revolution and the Republic of Texas

The Texas Revolution and the Republic of Texas The Texas Revolution (1835–1836) was a political and military insurrection by settlers and inhabitants of the Mexican state of Coahuila y Texas against the Mexican government. Mexican forces under General Santa Anna attempted to crush the rebellion  and had victories at the legendary Battle of the Alamo and the Battle of Coleto Creek, but in the end, they were defeated at the Battle of San Jacinto and forced to leave Texas. The revolution was successful, as the present-day US state of Texas broke off from Mexico and Coahuila and formed the Republic of Texas. The Settlement of Texas In the 1820s, Mexico wished to attract settlers to the vast, sparsely populated State of Coahuila y Texas, which consisted of the present-day Mexican State of Coahuila as well as the US State of Texas. American settlers were eager to go, as the land was plentiful and good for farming and ranching, but Mexican citizens were reluctant to relocate to a backwater province. Mexico reluctantly allowed Americans to settle there, provided they became Mexican citizens and converted to Catholicism. Many took advantage of colonization projects, such as the one led by Stephen F. Austin, while others simply came to Texas and squatted on vacant land. Unrest and Discontent The settlers soon chafed under Mexican rule. Mexico had just won its independence from Spain in 1821, and there was much chaos and infighting in Mexico City as liberals and conservatives struggled for power. Most Texas settlers approved of the Mexican constitution of 1824, which granted many freedoms to states (as opposed to federal control). This constitution was later rescinded, angering the Texans (and many Mexicans as well). The settlers also wanted to split from Coahuila and form a state in Texas. The Texan settlers were initially offered tax breaks which were later taken away, causing further discontent. Texas Breaks from Mexico By 1835, troubles in Texas had reached a boiling point. Tensions were always high between Mexicans and American settlers, and the unstable government in Mexico City made things that much worse. Stephen F. Austin, long a believer in staying loyal to Mexico, was jailed without charges for a year and a half: when he was finally released, even he was in favor of independence. Many Tejanos (Texan-born Mexicans) were in favor of independence: some would go on to fight valiantly at the Alamo and other battles. The Battle of Gonzales The first shots of the Texas Revolution were fired on October 2, 1835, in the town of Gonzales. The Mexican authorities in Texas, nervous about the increased hostility with the Texans, decided to disarm them. A small squad of Mexican soldiers was sent to Gonzales to retrieve a cannon stationed there to fight off Indian attacks. The Texans in the town did not allow the Mexicans entry: after a tense standoff, the Texans fired on the Mexicans. The Mexicans swiftly retreated, and in the whole battle there was but one casualty on the Mexican side. But the war had begun and there was no going back for the Texans. The Siege of San Antonio With the outbreak of hostilities, Mexico began making preparations for a massive punitive expedition north, to be led by President/General Antonio Là ³pez de Santa Anna. The Texans knew they had to move quickly to consolidate their gains. The rebels, led by Austin, marched on San Antonio (then more commonly referred to as Bà ©xar). They laid siege for two months, during which time they fought off a Mexican sally at the Battle of Concepcià ³n. In early December, the Texans attacked the city. Mexican General Martà ­n Perfecto de Cos conceded defeat and surrendered: by December 12 all Mexican forces had left the city. The Alamo and Goliad The Mexican army arrived in Texas, and in late February laid siege to the Alamo, a fortified old mission in San Antonio. Some 200 defenders, among them William Travis, Jim Bowie, and Davy Crockett, held out to the last: the Alamo was overrun on March 6, 1836, and all within were slain. Less than a month later, about 350 rebellious Texans were captured in battle and then executed days later: this was known as the ​Goliad Massacre. These twin setbacks seemed to spell doom for the nascent rebellion. Meanwhile, on March 2, a congress of elected Texans officially declared Texas independent from Mexico. The Battle of San Jacinto After the Alamo and Goliad, Santa Anna assumed he had beaten the Texans and divided his army. Texan General Sam Houston caught up to Santa Anna on the banks of the San Jacinto River. On the afternoon of April 21, 1836, Houston attacked. Surprise was complete and the attack turned first into a rout, then into a massacre. Half of Santa Annas men were killed and most of the others were taken prisoner, including Santa Anna himself. Santa Anna signed papers ordering all Mexican forces out of Texas and recognizing the independence of Texas. The Republic of Texas Mexico would make several half-hearted attempts to re-take Texas, but after all Mexican forces left Texas following San Jacinto, they never had a realistic chance of re-conquering their former territory. Sam Houston became the first President of Texas: he would serve as Governor and Senator later when Texas accepted statehood. Texas was a republic for almost ten years, a time which was marked by many troubles, including tension with Mexico and the US and difficult relations with local Indian tribes. Nevertheless, this period of independence is looked back upon with great pride by modern Texans. Texas Statehood Even before Texas split from Mexico in 1835, there were those in Texas and the USA that were in favor of statehood in the USA. Once Texas became independent, there were repeated calls for annexation. It wasnt so simple, however. Mexico had made it clear that while it was forced to tolerate an independent Texas, annexation would likely lead to war (in fact, the US annexation was a factor in the outbreak of the 1846-1848 Mexican-American War). Other sticking points included whether slavery would be legal in Texas and the federal assumptions of Texas debts, which were considerable. These difficulties were overcome and Texas became the 28th state on December 29, 1845. Resources and Further Reading Brands, H.W. Lone Star Nation: the Epic Story of the Battle for Texas Independence. New York: Anchor Books, 2004.Henderson, Timothy J. A Glorious Defeat: Mexico and its War with the United States.New York: Hill and Wang, 2007.

Monday, March 2, 2020

36 Adjectives Describing Light

36 Adjectives Describing Light 36 Adjectives Describing Light 36 Adjectives Describing Light By Mark Nichol A bright constellation of adjectives referring to various qualities of light, or other phenomena related to light, is brought to light in the list below. Quite a few of them, from lucent to lustrous (and even illuminating), stem from the Latin word lucere, meaning â€Å"to shine,† while many others begin with the consonant gl-, betraying their descent from a proto-Germanic word with the same meaning. 1. Aureate: brilliantly golden; also, grandiloquent 2. Blinding: so bright as to obscure vision 3. Coruscating: flashing, or sparkling; also, brilliant or showy 4. Crepuscular: dim, or resembling twilight; also, said of animals active during twilight 5. Dappled: marked by spotted or patchy light; also, marks of this kind on a surface 6. Fluorescent: giving off light produced by another source of illumination 7. Glancing: intermittently flashing or gleaming 8. Gleaming: shining, radiant 9. Glimmering: faintly or unsteadily shining 10. Glinting: see gleaming; also, appearing briefly, or glancing briefly 11. Glistening: see lustrous 12. Glistering: see glittering 13. Glittering: flashing or sparkling; also brilliantly and/or superficially attractive or appealing 14. Glossy: bright on the surface; also, artificially opulent or sophisticated 15. Illuminating: bright or shining; also, highlighted or made clear 16. Incandescent: warm, glowing 17. Iridescent: rainbow colored 18. Lucent: bright, clear, or shining 19. Lucid: see lucent; also, easy to understand 20. Lucifugal: shunning light, as in the case of nocturnal animals 21. Lucifugous: see lucifugal 22. Luminescent: shining by chemical or physiological means 23. Luminous: full of light 24. Lustrous: smooth, evenly lit; also, brilliant or eminent 25. Opaque: blocking light; also, obtuse, or difficult to understand 26. Opalescent: see iridescent 27. Penumbral: partially shaded 28. Phosphorescent: continuing to glow after removal of a light source 29. Prismatic: brilliant, or resembling colors formed by passing light through a prism 30. Radiant: glowing, or radiating light 31. Resplendent: brilliant or glowing 32. Scintillating: sparking, or sparkling; also, brilliant, as said of personality 33. Shimmering: soft or wavering light or reflection 34. Spangling: see glittering 35. Spectral: made by a range of colors of the spectrum; also, ghostly 36. Translucent: diffused, or transparent Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Vocabulary category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:50 Idioms About TalkingList of 50 Great Word Games for Kids and AdultsHow to Send Tactful Emails from a Technical Support Desk

Saturday, February 15, 2020

Nursing Leadership Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words

Nursing Leadership - Essay Example As the patient fell from the bed and broke his arm, the nurse and hospital were liable for damages. This paper aims to identify nursing policies that were not followed so as to prevent such a scenario from occurring. Firstly, nursing leadership and managerial qualities in regards to the present situation shall be outlined. Secondly, issues of nursing accountability shall be detailed. Next, the concept of team-work as pertains to the scenario shall be highlighted. Following, the topics of clinical governance, as well as teaching and facilitating of nurses in general, shall be outlined as relevant to the present scenario. Some of the areas that leadership and management incorporate are finances, business focus, information management, and marketing (Baker, 2000a; Kelly-Hayes, 2003). When a patient falls from a bed because procedures have not been followed, it is clear that nursing leadership and management training is lacking. In the current scenario, additional costs were created within the hospital to care for the patient, in regards to the broken limb, as well as consultation with attorney's to establish their legal obligations, and in administration costs to report the incident, and to process ongoing documentation relevant to the complaint made by the family. From the point of view of nursing being a business, the scenario i... The information management that was lacking was that the nurse did not have available protocols to compare her patient care to. In regards to marketing, the hospital as well as the nurse has provisioned the patient and family with an image of being incompetent and neglectful in their care for the patient.Recent studies point to a distinct lack of leadership qualities amongst nurses in general, and attribute this to a lack of training in the area (Laukkanen, 2005). Unfortunately, this is a waste of resources as nurses are in key position to influence hospital care policies, as well as state and national legislation (Sullivan, 2001). It is contended that student nurses need to be encouraged to develop their leadership and managerial skills, as well as their clinical skills (Baker, 200b). For example, a more salient awareness of cost-containment issues could have motivated the hospital to have set protocols for the bed-care of elderly patients (Antrobus, 1999). Additionally, the use of job re-design amongst the nursing staff could have provided the hospital with a critical evaluation of the sequential tasks of each job a nurse undertakes, and provided solutions for combining tasks to improve patient care (e.g., saying goodnight/see you later to a patient also includes the action of the hands checking the bed-rail is up) (Sullivan, 2001).Quality management important to nursing as it allows for an evaluation of the outcomes of practices. In turn, this style of management provides for a preventative approach to nursing that identifies potential problems quickly, and facilitates research into viable alternative solutions (Belcher, 2000; Hendel & Steinmann, 2002). As such,